Introduction Part II Personas
In the Outremer many types of medieval persona can be found and we will help you develop medieval personas to fit your interest. Some of the popular types include. Some titles/positions are Reserved in the Outremer Society (Must be earned in Society) See below for types.
Crusader era (11th-13th Century) persona pages
Templar Templar persona Info
Saracen Islamic persona Info
Pilgrim Pilgrim persona Info
Merchant Merchant persona Info
Clergy Clergy persona Info
Soldier Soldiers persona Info
Noble Noble persona Info
Medieval Occupations & Jobs -
An Acrobat was a popular Medieval entertainer
A Medieval Armorer held an important occupation in the Medieval workforce.
An Apothecary dispensed remedies made from herbs, plants and roots. Medieval physicians were expensive and a priest/monk often held this occupation, often the only recourse for sick, poor people. Jewish and Islamic variations are more akin to physicians in general.
Artists were employed in the Medieval era by both nobles and church.
limner - illuminator of books
painter - dictionary - portraits and landscapes
An astrologer studied the stars and planets but regarded as a mystical person. This was mostly a Jewish and Islamic practice until later in the middle ages. Sometimes even practiced by ecclesiastics.
The occupation of a Castle Atilliator was to make crossbows
BAILIFF Reserved Title in the Outremer Society (Must be earned in Society)
The occupation of the Castle Bailiff was to manage the castle estate or farm .
Bread was a daily staple of Medieval life, and good bakers were employed by Nobles in their castles.
A Barber had many occupations in relation to personal care. Barbers would cut hair but would also serve as dentists, surgeons and blood-letters.
The Blacksmith was one of the most important occupations of the Medieval era. Blacksmiths forged weapons, sharpened weapons, repaired armor.
A Bottler had a responsible occupation and was in charge of the Bottlery which was intended for storing and dispensing wines and other expensive provisions.
BUTLER Reserved Title in the Outremer Society (Must be earned in Society)
The Butler was responsible for the castle cellar and was in charge of large butts of beer. The room in the castle called the Buttery was intended for storing and dispensing beverages, especially ale.
BOWER OR BOWYER
The Bowyer manufactured bows, arrows and crossbows
The Candlemaker made candles to light the castle. Candles were supplemented by lighting from torches, lanterns and rush dips. An 11th century Candlemaker called Graham Overhill is credited with inventing a candle - clock. A candle was produced with twelve lines on it. When lit at the top of the hour, the candle would burn from line to line at the rate of one hour for each line. The Medieval clock! Candles were mostly used by ecclesiastics, oil lamps were more common in period.
The occupation of the Carpenter was diverse. Carpenters built furniture, roofing, siege engines and wood paneling. Carpenter: a skilled craftsman who shaped or made things of wood. Carpenters were highly skilled and considered to be elite tradesmen
CASTELLAN Reserved Title in the Outremer Society (Must be earned in Society)
Castellan was the occupation of the person who had been appointed as Custodian, or in charge of, the castle
CHAMBERLAIN Reserved Title in the Outremer Society (Must be earned in Society)
Chamberlain - The title originated with an officer of a royal household who was responsible for the Chamber, which included the administration of the king's household's budget. This occupation was later extended to collecting revenues and paying expenses
CHANCELLOR (This may be used with households)
A chancellor was a secretary to a Noble or Royal person
The Chaplain was responsible for the religious activities of a castle servants and Men at arms. The duties might also include that of a clerk and keeping accounts. A Priest would usually looked after the spiritual needs and confessions of the Nobles and their families
A Clerk was employed to keep accounts
Clothiers made clothes for the nobles and required having a knowledge of various fine and expensive materials
CONSTABLE Reserved Title in the Outremer Society (Must be earned in Society)
Constable was the occupation of the person who had been appointed as Custodian, or in charge of, the castle
Cook was employed in the castle kitchens roasting, broiling, and baking food in the fireplaces and ovens.
A Cordwainer was a Shoemaker or Cobbler, a craftsman who made shoes
A Cottar was one of the lowest peasant occupations, undertaken by the old or infirm, who had a series of low duties including swine-herd,, prison guard and menial tasks
Ditcher a labourer who dug castle moats and foundations
A Ewerer brought and heated water for the noble
The Fletcher crafted and manufactured bows and the flights of arrows
The Medieval Gardener needed a knowledge of herbs and plants. A Gardeners work was critical to the safety and protection of a castle - castle walls had to be kept clear of ivy or anything else that could be used to climb the castle walls and gardeners were expected to dig defensive ditches
HERALD OR HARKER
A Herald was a knights assistant and an expert adviser on heraldry. The Herald (or Harker) would declare announcements on behalf of the King or Noble to the public. Normally this was done on a given day when the public would assemble at the base of a castle tower or in the town square and the Herald would shout out the news
A Herbalist was usually a member of a religious order such as a monk or friar who would plant and maintain medicinal plants, roots and herbs.
JANITOR Reserved Title in the Outremer Society (Must be earned in Society)
The Janitor, or Porter, was responsible for the main Castle entrance and for the guardrooms. The Janitor also insured that no one entered or left the castle without permission
The Jester also referred to as the Fool entertained the court
KEEPER OF THE WARDROBE Reserved Title in the Outremer Society (Must be earned in Society)
The room in the castle called the wardrobe was intended as a dressing room and storage room for clothes and used by Lord of the castle. The Keeper of the Wardrobe was in charge of the tailors and laundress.
KNIGHT Reserved Title in the Outremer Society (Must be earned in the SCA, MSR or other Society)
It was the duty of a Knight to learn how to fight and so serve their Lord according to the Code of Chivalry.
Marshal was the officer in charge of a household's horses, carts, wagons, containers and the transporting of goods.
Messengers were lesser diplomats of the lord who carried receipts, letters, and commodities. The occupation of a Messenger was often dangerous as if the message delivered was less than favorable the Messenger was often the victim of the incurred anger of the recipient leading to the saying "Don't kill the messenger".
Minstrels provided Castle entertainment in the form of singing and playing musical instruments. Minstrels often would record the deeds of heroic knights in songs giving the knight great publicity and establishing respect and additional status
MONEYLENDER Reserved Position in development
Moneylenders were the Medieval bankers.
The life of a castle Page would start at a very young age - seven years old. A Page was junior to a Squire. It was the duty of a Page to wait at table, care for the Lord's clothes and assist them in dressing. The Page was provided with a uniform of the colours and livery of the Lord.
Medieval castles ere highly colorful and the services of painters were often required
The Janitor, or Porter, was responsible for the main Castle entrance and for the guardrooms. The Porter also insured that no one entered or left the castle without permission
PHYSICIAN Reserved Title in the Outremer Society (Must be a medical Practictioner)
Physicians were a very highly regarded and respected occupation. Bleeding, lancing and surgical procedures were practiced.
Potters were craftsmen of in clay, porcelain and early forms of ceramics. Basically they produced pots for cooking and storage and occasionally worked as sculptors.
REEVE Reserved Title in the Outremer Society (Must be earned in Society)
The Reeve supervised all work on a lord's property. The Reeve ensured that everyone began and stopped work on time
Most Scribes came from religious establishments where reading, writing and comprehension skills were learned.
Scullions were the lowest of kitchen workers whose duties included washing and cleaning the kitchen
SHERIFF Reserved Title in the Outremer Society (Must be earned in Society)
The sheriff was an important official of county who was responsible for executing judicial duties
A Shoemaker or Cobbler or Cordwainer was a craftsman who made shoes
Spinster was the name of the occupation given to a woman who earned her living spinning yarn. The Spinning Wheel was invented during the Medieval era. Later the term Spinster was used to describe any unmarried woman
STEWARD Reserved Title in the Outremer Society (Must be earned in Society)
The Steward took care of the castle estate and household administration including the events in the Great Hall. This occupation was also referred to as a Seneschal
A Squire was junior to a Knight. It was the duty of a Squire to learn about the Code of Chivalry, the rules of Heraldry, horsemanship and practice the use of weapons. It was also their duty to enter into the social life of the castle and learn courtly etiquette, music and dancing. The Squire served in this role for seven years and became a Knight at the age of twenty-one. Sometimes knighthood was conferred earlier as the reward for bravery on the battlefield
WATCHMAN Reserved Title in the Outremer Society (Must be earned in Society)
Watchmen was an official at the castle responsible for security. Also night-watchman